The basic sanitation plan is the instrument of the public sanitation policy which sets forth rules for contracting or rendering of these services. Just like the sanitation policy, the plan must be prepared by the Municipal Governments individually or as a consortium, and there is no possibility of delegating this responsibility to third parties. The plan must be revised every four years and address national and regional goals and targets, as well as the programs and actions to enable their fulfillment.

The plan developed by the Municipal governments must express the collective commitment of society to the form of constructing sanitation, with the analysis of the actual situation as its starting point. It should set improvement goals and strategies, and define each segment’s role to achieve the targets set.

The basic sanitation plan must be developed under the coordination of the public authorities, with participation of all those engaged in the sanitation of a certain territory and its population, regardless of whether the population has access to the service or not. Sanitation actions are contingent on healthcare, housing, environmental, water resource actions, among other.

Stages and activities for the development of the Municipal Sanitation Plan

Fundamentals

Definition of the guidelines and basic concepts with general and specific guidance for each body related to basic sanitation.

Discussion of the Plan’s guidelines at a public hearing of the Advisory Committee, with the participation of the various segments of society.

Preparation of the diagnosis with a survey of the current situation, identifying needs and determining the pent-up demand for each basic sanitation public service.

Development of the prognosis, with an assessment of the current conditions and projections for the timeframe proposed by the Plan, taking into consideration the Municipal Master Plan, if available.

Proposals

Presentation of the conclusions of the first stage to the Advisory Committee at a public hearing for criticism and submission of proposals.

  • Presentation of proposals addressing:
  • Municipal action guidelines (construction works and services);
  • Administrative structure for management of the Plan and definition of competencies;
  • Permanent evaluation system integrated with the municipal planning system.
  • Investment priorities with guidance for the implementation schedule;
  • Discussion of the proposals at public hearings of the Advisory Committee;
  • Holding of a final public hearing of the Advisory Committee (Final Seminar) to discuss the report and forward the Plan to the Basic Sanitation Council of the City or Municipality, or equivalent body.

Approval

Discussion by the Basic Sanitation Council of the City or Municipality or equivalent body, or the Municipal Legislative Power. Approval by the Basic Sanitation Council of the City or Municipality or equivalent body, and the Municipal Legislative Power, with enactment of a Law by the Head of the Municipal Executive Power.

Institutionalization

Preparation and approval of resolutions by the Council and regulatory decrees by the Head of the Municipal Executive Power.

Performane of the administrative adjustments required for implementation of the Plan.

Preparation of budgetary forecasts.

Implementation

Implementation of the actions proposed in the Plan.

Follow-up and review

Quarterly follow-up and annual review of the Plan’s implementation by the Basic Sanitation Council of the City or Municipality or equivalent body.

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